Political manifestos

The Manifesto of Ventotene

Altiero Spinelli & Ernesto Rossi, 1941

In 1941, the anti-Fascist activists Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli, placed under house arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free and united Europe.

The Montreux Declaration

World Movement for World Federal Government, 1947

During a meeting in Montreux on 23 August 1947, the World Movement for World Federal Government issued a Declaration on the role of world federalism as a political ideal.

The Federalist: A Political Review

Altiero Spinelli & Ernesto Rossi, 1941

In 1941, the anti-Fascist activists Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli, placed under house arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free and united Europe.

The Montreux Declaration

World Movement for World Federal Government, 1947

During a meeting in Montreux on 23 August 1947, the World Movement for World Federal Government issued a Declaration on the role of world federalism as a political ideal.

One of the main pieces to influence Spinelli and establish the Federalist Movement of the postwar era.

The Principle of Federation

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, 1863

Federalism extended to civil society is Proudhon’s idea.

One of the main pieces to influence Spinelli and establish the Federalist Movement of the postwar era.

Federate or perish

John S. Hoyland, 1944

One of the main pieces to influence Spinelli and establish the Federalist Movement of the postwar era.